Wireless Components and Modules
These are personal area network modules that are covered under the IEEE 802.15.4 working group. They include devices that can transmit for long distances without using a great deal of power. Zigbee modules work on what is called a much network, which is a decentralized form of network that has no central transmitter or receiver.
Semiconductor Development Kits
Depending upon the components that are incorporated in them, semiconductor development kits may fall under 802 standards.
Interface Development Kits
Interface development kits will carry statements of conformity for the 802 protocols that they use. For instance, an interface kit that has Ethernet connectivity would be covered under 802.3 standards. This may be an issue of an interface is being constructed for a newer device and needs to have the latest protocol capacities, though most new devices are also backward compatible with older protocols.
Radio Frequency Development Kits
Radio frequency development kits are covered according to the type of RF that they use. A wireless automated control would be covered under 802.11, for instance, providing a way for the user to establish conformity with accepted standards.
Radio Frequency & Microwave Circuits
RF transceivers are covered under the 802.3 working group if they are utilized in Ethernet applications.
Processors & Microcontrollers
Some processors are designed to provide a more economical way to perform radio functions than a software defined radio. If they use wireless or other networking technologies in, they will be covered under the applicable IEE working group. A processor that utilizes WLAN, for instance, would be covered under IEEE 802.11. Any hardware that utilized Ethernet communications capabilities would be covered under 802.3.
Any networking device that utilizes LAN, MAN, WLAN or other protocols that fall under the area of concern of an IEEE working group will be standardized according to the specifications set forth by that group. A statement of conformity and other documentation will give information on how the device complies with standard.
Embedded systems that have networking interfaces incorporated into their designs will conform to 802 standards where applicable. These systems come with WLAN, LAN and other networked connections, which are designed to conform with IEEE standards.
Embedded System Kits
Embedded system kits may include one or more networking options. If they are Wi-Fi devices, they will be covered under 802.11. If they include Ethernet connections, those are covered under 802.3. Conforming to the standards set forth by the IEEE guarantees compatibility with other compliant devices.
Single Board Computers
Single board computers commonly incorporate more than one networking option in their designs. These will be specified in the specs for the device, along with the IEEE standards to which those networking options conform, in most cases. This varies from board to board, but most come with at least an Ethernet connection, which will fall under 802.3. Many come with wireless networking hardware, as well, which falls under 802.11.
Networking and Connectivity
Networking and connectivity standards developed by the IEEE ensure that devices that conform to those standards can be interconnected. The network standards that will be most familiar are the aforementioned 802.3 and 802.11, conformity with which is generally considered a requirement for hardware used in industrial and home settings.
Modem routers will be covered according to the communications protocols that they use. Most have Ethernet connections, which will be covered under 802.3. Those that have WLAN will usually have a specification that describes the iteration, such as 802.11b, 802.11g and so forth.
The wireless technology used in these routers is usually specified by the IEEE designation. For example, 802.15.4 is utilized in 1200bit/s networking technology installed on some wireless routers. Multiple standards are usually listed individually, sometimes with slashes, i.e. 802.11b/g/n, indicating that the wireless router is compatible with the 802.11 b, g and n standards. The IEEE also works to ensure that these devices can work alongside one another.
Network and Communication Cable
Network and communication cable has had to evolve as the speed of network communications have increased. Cable standards are defined by their worst or lowest possible performance. For example, a Cat 5 cable conforms to the IEEE 802 standards for 100 Mb/s, at the least, or 100BASE-tx. A Cat 5e cable, on the other hand, has a minimum performance of 1000 Mb/s, the “e” standing for enhanced.
Some networking protocols that have gone out of use due to age or that simply never developed had their own working groups, which have been disbanded or made inactive. These include groups such as the 802.9 working group, which oversaw Integrated Services LAN (ISLAN), but which has been disbanded and no longer exists. There are new groups in operation, was well, such as the IEEE 802.24 group, which covers smart grids.
Cat6 Cable Assemblies
Cat 6 cable is required for Gigabit Ethernet networks. This cable can be used on Cat 5 networks and Cat 5e networks, but has higher performance. It is suitable for networking all the way up to 10GBASE-T networks.
Cat 6 Cable assemblies come in many different variations, with a variety of colors available. All of them are held to the 802 standard for data transmission rates, however, and are not true Cat 6 cables if they do not meet those standards.